General note on medical topics
The contents presented here are intended solely for neutral information and general further education. They do not constitute a recommendation or advertisement of the diagnostic methods, treatments or drugs described or mentioned.

The text does not claim to be complete, nor can the timeliness, accuracy and balance of the information presented be guaranteed. The text in no way replaces the professional advice of a veterinarian and it may not be used as a basis for independent diagnosis and the start, modification or termination of treatment of diseases.

Therefore: Always consult your trusted veterinarian for health questions or complaints!

Hundeo and the authors writing here assume no liability for any inconvenience or damage resulting from the use of the information presented here.

The test reports on Hundeo are largely based on our own experiences and intensive research, as well as the experiences of people in our environment. However, they also partly include other external sources such as expert interviews, Internet research, rating platforms, forum posts, etc.. Unfortunately, this means that it cannot correspond to a complete test according to scientific laboratory standards.

Note to Facebook, Google or Apple

This website is not part of the Facebook website or Facebook, Inc. Furthermore, this website is not endorsed by Facebook in any way. Facebook is a trademark of Facebook, Inc. and so is Google or Apple.


This project is partly funded by affiliate links like the Amazon PartnerNet. This is so to speak our way of advertising, but independently selected. By buying a product at a store recommended by us, HUNDEO gets a revenue share or a fixed amount credited by the affiliate network. There are NO additional costs for you.

Unlike many other websites on the Internet, Hundeo.com only recommends products via affiliate links that the authors are completely convinced of. By buying a product through an affiliate link, you directly support the information offered by us and ensure that also in the future regularly sophisticated and high-quality articles will appear.

Thank you very much at this point for the trust you have placed in us and for your support!