General note on medical topics
The contents presented here are intended exclusively for neutral information and general further education. They do not represent a recommendation or advertisement of the diagnostic methods, treatments or drugs described or mentioned.

The text does not claim to be complete, nor can the topicality, accuracy and balance of the information presented be guaranteed. The text is in no way a substitute for professional advice from a veterinarian and may not be used as a basis for independent diagnosis and the beginning, modification or termination of any treatment of diseases.

Therefore: Always consult the veterinarian of your choice for health questions or complaints!

Hundeo and the authors writing here assume no liability for any inconvenience or damage resulting from the use of the information presented here.

The test reports on Hundeo are mostly based on own experiences and intensive research as well as the experiences of people in our environment. However, they partly also include other external sources such as expert interviews, internet research, evaluation platforms, forum contributions etc. Unfortunately, this does not allow for a complete test according to scientific laboratory standards.

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