The Bolognese is a breed recognized by the FCI in group 9, section 1. He is calm, barks little and is ideal for families with children and seniors. The Bolognese does not need much exercise and loves to play. However, as a companion dog, he wants to be everywhere and never leaves his owner alone. The docile dog is easy to train. He has a quick perception. The robust animal is characterized by its calm disposition.
The Bolognese has a height at the withers in males from 27 to 30 cm. Bitches are 26 to 28 cm tall. He has a weight from 2.5 to 4 kg and lives an average of 12 to 14 years. He belongs to the social and companion dogs.
The coat, which is hardly hairy, is fluffy and fluffy and forms almost no fringes. It is soft, not clinging and long all over the body. The coat color consists of pure white to a slight ivory tint.
The Bolognese belongs to the small breeds. His body is built square. This dog exudes a rather laid-back personality and is not very active. Even though he loves to play, he is rather unsuitable for sports activities.
The cheerful Bolognese with calm and balanced nature is never aggressive. He quickly creates a close bond with his owner and caregivers. He is cuddly and loyal. Towards strangers he usually remains very reserved and barks at them for a short time.
Bolognese are prone to separation anxiety. Therefore, they should not be left alone for too long and are rather unsuitable for people who work full-time. The robust Bolognese is not susceptible to disease. There are no known diseases that are genetically inherited.
As calm and easy-going dogs, they are very suitable companions for pensioners and seniors or people who tend to live their lives more quietly and are not very active. They are always up for games like hide and seek, chasing a rolling ball or learning tricks. They can also be very comfortable in a city apartment. An extensive slow walk is quite enough for their exercise.
The right food
Which food is best for your dog depends on Age, Weight and Vulnerabilities of your dog. The frugal Bolognese is not picky about his food. He does not make special demands, but he can eat until he drops.
Make sure that your dog is fed a balanced diet, the food contains no attractants, flavorings, colorings or preservatives, has a high meat content and does not contain too much grain or vegetable ingredients in proportion.
Now and then you can give him Treats give. Especially when he has earned praise during training.
The fluffy coat of the Bolognese requires regular grooming. Get your dog used to grooming when he is still a puppy. Brush and comb your Bolognese thoroughly once a week. When changing the coat of a young dog, this is necessary every day.
You start at the belly. For this, lay your dog on its back and work your way forward strand by strand. Then continue with the paws. Start on one side and work your way to the other side. In this way, the dog will be combed section by section in all directions and will maintain its well-groomed appearance.
Pay special attention to the areas behind the ears, the neck, armpits and the region of the buttocks. There the hair tends to knot. Regularly trim the hair on the pads, eyes and ears carefully with round scissors.
To Tear tracks in the white fur under the eyes, a thorough eye care is also recommended. Wipe your dog's tears daily with a dampened cloth. This way, his face will never look sticky. You can remove dried tear fluid with special cleaners from the vet.
The daily control of your dog includes the Paws. During every walk your dog can step unnoticed into a shard or other foreign object. There are also dangers for the sensitive paws in the grass. For example, grass mites can cause inflammation between your dog's toes. Therefore, a daily check of the paws is mandatory. The claws should be trimmed regularly.
Check daily the eyes of your Bolognese for redness or inflammation.
The ears of your dog are sensitive. Especially with drooping ears, there is a risk of inflammation under the ear flaps in the pinna. Therefore, you should clean the ears with a special ear cleaner. Clean once a week.
Check daily the Denture your Bolognese for damage and plaque. If you have already got your dog as a puppy, start immediately with the dental care. Then the dog will not be afraid of the toothbrush. As a substitute, you can give him tooth-cleaning products to chew on.
For the small dog is enough light tableware for the walk out. The peaceful dog does not necessarily need a fixed leash. A Telescopic line with stop function is sufficient and can give up to 5 meters of running clearance.
Because the Bolognese needs extensive hair care, you can get a Dog grooming set to buy. The sets contain everything you need for the complex care. Mostly nail cutters for the claws are also included in such sets.
Like any dog, your Bolognese needs a retreat that is all his own. dog basket or Cushion for dogs you will find in large selection. Also Dog burrows are very popular with small dogs. He will be grateful to you if he has a clean and soft place to sleep.
The Bolognese is playful. He loves Search games. Small Balls, Soft toys or other play accessories for small play dogs you should have in the house, so that your dog has a task.
Origin & History
This small dog breed originates from Italy. In the ancient Roman Empire, he was kept by the high ladies as a luxury dog.
The relevant literature says very little about the origin of the Bolognese. As with many other small breeds, it seems that the Maltese to have played a role in the further development of the Bolognese. It is only known that he was already highly appreciated in the 11th and 12th centuries. He was graceful and beautiful and still is today.
In the Renaissance, the dog was extremely popular among the ladies of distinguished society. In 1668, Cosimo de Medici, by royal courier, asked Colonel Alamanni in Belgium to give away eight small Bolognese in his name to wealthy and influential families in Brussels.
Also, in the 17th century, Catherine the Great in the Russian Tsarist Empire and Madame Pompadour, the mistress of the French king, received a Bolognese as a gift.
The Austrian Empress Maria Theresa loved her Bolognese so much that she had him stuffed after his death. Today he is an exhibit in the Vienna Natural History Museum.
Princess Jose of Belgium also kept a Bolognese. She received it as a gift from the Italian King Umberto II.
The breed was 1990 brought to England by Liz Stannard and registered in the herdbook for the first time. The breed was able to establish itself for the first time in the year 2002 at the Crufts exhibition of the National Exhibition Center in Birmingham.