Canaan Dog


Learned, Faithful, Vigilant
Size: Medium
Height: 50-60 cm
Weight: 18-25 kg
Lifespan: 12-15 years
Coat: Medium Hair
Colors: Sand to reddish brown, white, black or spotted
FCI Group: Spitz and primitive types

The Canaan Dog, also called Israelspitz, comes from Israel and descends from the so-called Pariah dogs. This means the breed has been bred out of former street dogs. It was bred about 100 years ago as a guard and family dog. Outside of Israel, this quadruped is hardly known.

Canaan Dog
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The Canaan Dog is an affectionate and faithful companion in his family. Towards strangers he is very watchful and distrustful. Although they have a markedly high defensiveness towards strangers and also animals, they are not fundamentally aggressive. These dogs have a very good reaction time and are extremely lively.

Although a Canaan Dog is very attracted to his human, he is by no means a cuddly toy. This is due to his pronounced independence and self-confidence. He decides independently when to seek contact with his humans.

The Canaan Dog is a demanding dog for humans, which is why it is not suitable for beginners is. He needs his space to come to rest sometimes. However, this breed will have a High tolerance is said to be very good when dealing with children and his family. Towards other dogs, the Canaan Dog usually reacts aggressively. This makes it difficult to visit a dog school and other areas heavily frequented by dogs. A distinctive socialization is important, but hardly completely realizable.

The Canaan Dog can be seen his origin from the dog of the wild type. It is a medium-sized dog with its 50-60 cm with a very harmonious, strong and square physique. The males of this breed are significantly larger than the females. Dogs of this breed reach a weight of 18-25 kg.

This quadruped has a well-proportioned head with low set Pointy Earswhich are slightly flattened at the top. The Canaan Dog looks at his master from almond-shaped brown eyes. His head sits on a muscular neck. The Canaan Dog has a very dense and bushy tail, which he carries curled over his back.

The top coat of this breed consists of short to medium length fur. It is very dense, firm and straight. The undercoat consists of dense, close-fitting hair. This fur nose comes in the Colors Sand to reddish brown, white, black or spotted. A mask is also allowed according to the breed standard, but it should be symmetrical. A black mask and white markings are allowed in all colorings of the breed. The typical desert colors (Sand, Golden, Red and Cream) are particularly common.

Coat care:




Energy level:




Children suitable:

With supervision

The right food

The Canaan dog is in its diet quite simple. His ancestors have fed on the waste of man. Today, of course, like all dogs, the breed gets much more out of it. Nevertheless, in the selection of dog food these dogs are not problematic. As long as the food all essential nutrients for dogs contains and no unnecessary additives, he can eat any dog food.

It is irrelevant for this breed whether you give the dog wet food or dry food or feed it with fresh Barf meals. At Barfen one should know the individual, necessary quantities of all food components for its quadruped. Thereby a Visit to the vet and professional advice provide good support.

Canaan dog care

The Canaan Dog is Very easy to clean. Due to its dense coat, it hardly gets dirty and it is enough to make him brush once or twice a week. Only in the change of coat he should be brushed more often to minimize itching from dead hair and increased hair in the apartment.

Like any dog, this quadruped should be accustomed, of course, then the ears, eyes, teeth and claws are checked regularly. If necessary, then you need to clean them and cut the claws. Too long claws can be very painful when walking. There are no diseases typical for the breed known.

Suitable accessories

The Canaan Dog needs the typical equipment of a dog. So, from the collar to the bowl and sleeping place, everything should be present. In addition, for the care of the dog you need a claw scissors and a brush. Also tooth brushing accessories are a good choice to keep the Long health of the teeth.

A good veterinarian is of course mandatory for every dog owner. A Dog liability insurance is required by law in some states, but is always a good idea. Accidents happen quickly and with a vigilant breed like the Canaan Dog, early prevention is especially advisable.

Canaan dog graphic

Origin & History

The Canaan Dog was bred from the pariah dogs in former Palestine. Pariah dogs are dogs that live close to people, but do not have precise tasks and are not fed specifically. There is no targeted breeding of these quadrupeds.

When Austrian dog behaviorist Prof. Rudolphina Menzel and her husband emigrated to Palestine in the 1930s, they came up with the idea, from the pariah dogs living there a new breed to breed. The original dogs live there with the local Bedouin tribes. With only a few puppies, the couple started breeding and named the new dogs after the biblical land of Canaan.

Quite quickly, the dogs could be accustomed to living with humans and developed into affectionate, efficient dogs, which always retain many peculiarities of their wild relatives have. In 1948, the Canaan Dog was recognized by the Israel Kennel Club. Since 1966, the FCI also accepts the quadruped as an independent breed. There he can be found under the number 273 in group 5 Spitz and dogs of primitive type; section 6 primitive type. The original Pariah dogs still live closely with the Bedouins, without direct dependence.