Český fousek (Bohemian rough beard)
The Český fousek - also known as Bohemian roughhair - is a Czech hunting dog. It is an all-rounder in hunting and is used as a pointing dog both in water and in forest and field. It is one of the oldest existing rough-haired pointing dogs ever. The breed looks similar to the Griffon and the Deutsch Stichelhaar. The Český fousek was crossed into both breeds.
The Český fousek is a very intelligent dog breed. He likes to swim, runs extremely much and is robbery hot. The latter means that these dogs have a strong pronounced hunting instinct have and especially like to hunt animals such as badgers, foxes and lynxes. At the same time he is very concentrated, thorough and experienced hunter.
This dog needs a lot of exercise and regular challenges to display a balanced temperament. If a four-legged dog of this breed is well trained, he uses his instincts to hunt only then. In his family he fits in well and is towards them loyal. The Český fousek would like to please his man and is very obedient. This makes him easy to train, if you as an owner know how to train a hunting dog properly.
The Bohemian Roughhair needs a lot of exercise and is definitely not a dog for a city apartment. He needs several hours of physical exercise every day and also regular occupation for his intelligent head. Ideally, of course, this is done through typical tasks of a hunting dog.
The coat of the Český fousek consists of three different types of hair. The shortest is the dense, soft undercoat, which is about 1.5 cm long. This protects the dog from moisture in uncomfortable weather. In summer, it falls out almost completely, causing increased hair. Above the undercoat lies the approx. 3-4 cm long, coarse top coat. On the chest, the back line and the shoulders grow the particularly hard, straight awns, about 5-7 cm long. On the lips and the lower jaw there are long, soft hairs, which form the breed typical beard form
This breed occurs as dark gray with and without brown plates, in brown with mottled markings on the forechest and the lower parts of the limbs and in completely brown. The Bohemian Roughbeard with a height at withers from 58 to 66 cm. medium to large. The females reach a height of 58 to 62 cm, while the males are 60 to 66 cm high. In the breed standard of the FCI, the weight for females is set between 22 and 28 kg and that for males between 28 and 34 kg.
The right food
As a hunting dog, the Český fousek is a very active dog, which makes it a correspondingly high energy demand has. In the robust breed are No typical allergies known. For this reason, you can well decide for yourself what to feed your Český fousek. A mixture of dry and wet food is generally very popular. Of course, treats and chew sticks may not be missing from time to time.
What you should definitely pay attention to is that you should limit your feed quantity to At least two meals per day divides. Rest after eating is also important to prevent dangerous gastric torsion. It is self-evident that each quadruped high-quality fodder gets. So it should not contain sugar or chemical additives in any case. These are not needed by the dog and can even be harmful in the long term.
Český fousek (Bohemian rough beard) care
The Český fousek is a working dog, which is why it is deliberately bred so that it is very robust and requires little care. You should regularly check him for ticks and fleas, despite his unproblematic coat. Especially in summer, when they shed a lot of hair, can also be brushes be useful to reduce the loose hair in the house. If necessary, the Claws cut be. A routine visit to the veterinarian for check-ups and vaccinations should not be missed by any four-legged friend. There are no typical breed diseases known.
As a hunting dog, it is essential for the Bohemian Roughhair, several hours of exercise in nature every day to get. In addition, this breed needs Regular mental workloadwhich should be done best by typical tasks of hunting dogs. So the intelligent, hunting-joyful dog can live out his instincts ideally, which always belongs to a species-appropriate dog attitude.
To care for the coat of the Český fousek is enough a simple Brush off. A claw scissors must also not be missing, of course. Of course, also for this breed belongs the Standard equipment for dogs, always in addition. Among them are a collar, a sturdy leash and bowls for eating and drinking. Also a suitable sleeping place in the house belongs of course.
As a very active dog, the Bohemian Roughhair should ideally be kept in a House with large fenced garden live. The Veterinarian of trust rounds out the "equipment" for keeping dogs. A large transport box in the car is also advisable to make trips to the vet or to the forest safer. Since the Český fousek usually hunt led the extensive equipment for it may not be missing of course also.
Origin & History
The Český fousek comes from Czech Republic and is still one of the most popular hunting dog breeds there today. The first mention of a close ancestor of the breed probably dates back to 1348, where a dog was described under the name canis boehmicus (Bohemian Hunting Dog), which is extremely similar to the Bohemian Rauhbart.
In the 16th and 17th centuries, the intelligent hunting dog was very popular throughout Central Europe. In 1886, in the town of Písek in the Czech Republic, the Club for the promotion of the Bohemian pointing dog founded. At that time the breed received its present name "Český fousek". Until before the 1st World War, it was one of the most popular hunting dog breeds in the then CSSR. In the middle of the 1920s, the Bohemian Roughhair was on the brink of extinction, because after the 1st World War other hunting dog breeds became more popular.
Dedicated fans of the Český fousek saved the breed however, by crossing Griffons and rough-haired Pointers. This is how the modern Český fousek was created in the following years. It is not known how much the breed has lost from its original appearance as a result. Since 1958, no foreign breeds have been crossed in and breeding has since been limited again to dogs belonging to the breed. Only since 1963 the Bohemian Roughhair is recognized by the FCI.