German Wirehaired Pointer
The German Wirehaired Pointer is one of the most popular dog breeds in hunting. The powerful all-rounder can be used for work in the field, forest and water. Despite the independent character, the dog feels close to his family.
The German Wirehaired Pointer is a hunting dog breed of German origin. The breed is recognized by the FCI and assigned to group 7, pointing dogs.
The hard coat protects the skin from environmental influences. The up to 4 centimeters long outer hairs lie on a dense undercoat, which is water-repellent.
As colors come black mold, brown mold and light mold before.
The head is flat with distinct eyebrow arches.
The thick lips lie close to the head and have the same pigmentation as the coat.
The dark eyes have a vivid, alert expression and are enclosed by pigmented lid rims.
The beard emphasizes the determined, energetic expression on his face.
The ribs of the broad and deep rib cage are strongly arched. The sternum reaches far back.
The muscular legs reach out wide, the posture is upright and straight. The movements appear fluid and harmonious.
You should always be aware that the German Wirehaired Pointer is a hunting dog is. He is used on single hunts both in the field and in the water. In between, he guards his family's home and farm. In the first place he is a working dog.
With enough exercise, he can also be an excellent family dog who is good with children.
If the German Wirehaired Pointer is not used for hunting, it should still be be trained regularly. Tracking and Maintrailing are just the thing for him.
Can you consistently train a dog and have empathy? Then he is a good companion dog on long walks. If you have built up a good bond with your dog based on trust, the hunting dog can also be under excellent control without a leash.
The German Wirehaired Pointer has a lot of energy, which he wants to live out. If his power is directed into the right channels, he is a balanced dog that does not react shyly or aggressively. Hecticness is completely foreign to him.
He gets along well with other dogs.
Outside working hours, the dog needs close family connection. The breed is not suitable for kennel. He is a thinking, independent dog who can be led well without showing signs of submissiveness.
The right food
The dog food should have a high percentage of meat because the dog has a protein requirement six times higher than that of a human. To ensure that the dog is supplied with all the necessary amino acids, the protein must be of high quality.
The remaining part of the dog food can be composed of vegetables, fruits and cereals.
An adult dog needs as a daily amount of food about 1.5 % of its body weight. For very active animals, the amount of feed must be increased. Growing dogs have higher energy requirements than adult dogs.
The feed portion should be be distributed two feedings a day, to keep the risk of gastric distention low. The stomach is not overloaded, the supply of energy is distributed throughout the day.
In addition, you should give your dog Always fresh water provide.
German Wirehairs are relatively undemanding in terms of their food. The dogs can be barfed, or fed with dry food and ready wet food.
During the hunting-intensive period, the feed should have a higher fat and protein content. This promotes the dog's performance, concentration and drive.
Muscle meat from chicken, cattle or horses can be used as protein sources. Feed containing pork should be avoided. Feeding raw pork can transmit the Aujesky virus.
If you use dry feed, the feed consists of 50 % of grain and 50 % of fat and protein. The raw materials are heated and pressed under high pressure. This breaks down the starch and increases the acceptance of the feed.
Wet food is generally preferred to eat, because the flavorings are in dissolved form and appeal to the dog's sense of smell with.
Treats should only be fed in moderation. Natural, dried chews that support dental hygiene are best.
Health & Care
German Wirehaired Pointer is very easy to care for. The water and dirt repellent coat must be regularly brushed be. The undercoat does not tend to mat, but should be regularly treated with a Pluck brush thinned be
Repeated bathing is not necessary. Dry dust and dirt can be brushed out of the coat.
Due to the hardy coat, the dog breed is more suitable for keeping outdoors than indoors. In cold temperatures, a heated, well-insulated doghouse is necessary.
The hanging ears must be cleaned and checked regularly. By cleaning the external auditory canal with ear cleaner, you can reduce the risk of inflammation.
With sufficient exercise, the claws well off. If your dog is already older, they should be cut regularly. If the claws have grown too long, putting on the paws can cause your dog pain.
After feeding, the beard must be cleaned of food residues. Dry food does not stick the coat hair as much as wet food. If the remains are not removed, skin in the area of the chin and lips become inflamed.
Care of the eyes must be done carefully, especially in dogs suffering from entropion (the eyelid rolls inward). As the eyelashes grow inward, they rub against the cornea of the eye. The skin of the eyelid is irritated and inflamed. Daily cleaning of the eyes with mild eye drops reduces the inflammation. Surgical correction of the eyelids may be necessary.
As sleeping in fresh holes a comfortable place to lie down in a quiet place is enough for him. The best place is chosen so that your dog is not disturbed, but can still observe the action well.
Good equipment for hunting with dogs is an important prerequisite for successful hunting.
The Hunting line is used directly during the hunt. It must be easy to put on and take off. The material should have a neutral, inconspicuous color and not cause noise.
The loose leash allows your dog to explore the surroundings without moving far away from you. If the command "Apport" comes, the leash can be released with one grip.
The ideal hunting leash is made of leather and has no metal joints. Whisper leashes are lightweight and compact. They can also be used as leashes in everyday life.
For the welding work is used a wide collar needed that does not restrict the dog's freedom of movement. To relieve the neck vertebrae can also use a welding dog harness.
If your dog has to search for defensible game, it should have a Protective vest wear. The vest offers enough movement and evasion possibilities and protects your dog from serious injuries. Bright signal colors and reflective stripes make the dog highly visible to the hunter.
To teach your dog to retrieve properly, you will need a variety of dummies. Once the basic training is completed, fur dummies and retrieves with swings can be used.
If you want to give commands over a larger range, you can use a dog whistle use. The pipe must be insensitive to moisture and always have the same tone.
Cold protection vests protect the German Wirehaired Pointer from hypothermia after the hunt. For lying in the camouflage stand are also available cold protection vests with camouflage pattern.
Origin & History
In the 19th century, the aristocratic par force hunts with packs of hounds were replaced by individual hunts. The hunter formed a unit with his dog. Showing the game and retrieving the shot prey from a greater distance belonged to the new tasks of the hunting dogs. In 1870, modern all-round hunting dogs, such as the German Shorthaired Pointer and the Weimaraner, were bred from the old quail and pointing dogs. The German Wirehaired Pointer was created by crossing Griffon Porthals, Pudelpointer and German Roughhaired Dog with the German Shorthaired Pointer.
Significantly involved in the development of the breed standard was Sigismund Freiherr von Zedlitz und Neukirch (Hegewald). The guiding principle for breeding the dog was "through performance to type". The idea was to breed a powerful, versatile, wirehaired hunting dog.
In 1879, the first breed standards for hunting dogs were established.
In 1897, all hunting dogs that had passed the difficult tests were registered in a "Deutsche Gebrauchshunde Stammbuch". From these dogs, the animals with the best characteristics were selected for breeding.
In 1902, the German Wirehaired Pointer Association was founded, which still looks after the dog breed worldwide.
Today, the breed is not changed, so as not to weaken the desirable qualities.
The German Wirehaired Pointer is the only dog breed that was created without inbreeding.
The pointing dog is one of the most popular hunting dog breeds in the world today.