Leonberger

Temperament:

Calm, Patient, Friendly
Size: Large
Height: 65-80 cm
Weight: 41-75 kg
Lifespan: 8-9 years
Coat: Longhair
Colors: Mahogany, Sandy, Red, Yellow
FCI Group: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs

With its friendly nature, the Leonberger is very well suited as a family dog. He copes well with lively hustle and bustle, as he has strong nerves and a good-natured character. To protect his master, the strong and clever dog barks loudly at unwanted guests. The gentle strongman needs a lot of exercise.

Leonberger
Artboard 26

Characteristics

The FCI, the largest international, canine umbrella organization, divides the Leonberger dog into group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molosser and Swiss Mountain Dogs one. It is also assigned to subgroup 2.2 as a Mountain Dogs subordinate. As a cross between St. Bernard, Newfoundland and Pyrenean, the Leonberger is one of the very large dog breeds. From his ancestors, the Leonberger has inherited the genetic material for a strong stature.

Adult females can reach a height of 75 cm and a weight of 60 kg. The males even reach 80 cm in height and up to 70 kg in weight. Leonbergers are very muscular dogs. They have a broad back and strong legs. This allows the animal to move smoothly and powerfully. The dog has a strong urge to move and also actively demands the movement.

The Leonberger has dense, soft and long fur. The coat color is often a mixture of sandy and reddish-brown tones. On the neck and chest area, the dog's coat resembles a lion's mane. The tail, which is usually carried on the back, is also densely coated. The face of the Leonberger is always dark, almost black. His eyes are brown and he has medium-sized, pendulous ears.

The Leonberger has a calm and quiet nature, yet he is well suited as a house and guard dog. His loud bark and confident demeanor scare off uninvited guests. Leonbergers were once used to protect herds of cattle from predators. Accordingly, the dogs know who to watch out for and courageously take on the defense.

If things get chaotic and lively in the family, this does not upset the Leonberger. The family dog and can handle noise and reacts calmly due to his good nerves. He can integrate well into different family situations.

Leonbergers love to romp and play and need plenty of exercise every day. Large walks in nature are mandatory. Dogs of this breed also love water and can swim well. Leonbergers can adapt well. However, these large and agile dogs should not be kept in a city apartment. In a rural environment with plenty of space and freedom of movement, the dogs feel comfortable.

With a calm and consistent education you will achieve the most with a Leonberger. These dogs have a lot of temperament, play instinct and strength. However, they are willingly submissive to humans. With loving training, you will be rewarded with a faithful companion who will follow the rule and accompany you everywhere.

Coat care:

Little
Medium
Intensive

Shedding:

Little
Medium
Intensive

Energy level:

Little
Medium
High

Trainability:

Little
Medium
Good

Children suitable:

Less
With supervision
Perfect

The right food

The Leonberger has a muscular physique and other characteristics specific to the breed. For this reason, this breed belongs to the demanding dog breeds in terms of nutrition. The age of your dog also plays an important role. You should adapt the diet to the respective phase of life. This way you can be sure that your dog gets all the necessary nutrients.

Sometimes the animals also have an intolerance to certain contents in the dog food. Or they have to get special food because of an illness. You can test and clarify this with the vet in each individual case. In general, there are the following recommendations for the diet of Leonbergers:

Young Leonbergers must not be given food that is too rich in energy, otherwise they will grow too fast. This could later lead to health problems with the musculoskeletal system. Puppies also have a high mineral requirement. Therefore, the food should contain a lot of calcium, for example. An adult male dog, on the other hand, who is physically very active, needs food that is rich in protein and energy.

Large dogs are considered seniors from 6 years. In this phase of life, light and digestible food is ideal. Because at this age, the digestive processes and organ functions are limited. Dog seniors often have complaints of bones and joints. Excess weight increases the pain of the dog and should therefore be avoided, especially in old age.

The right amount of food is also very important. The dog should 1. generally not eat too much and 2. in no case too much at once. Two to three smaller meals a day are better than one big one.

If the Leonberger romps too wildly right after a large and rich meal, his stomach may twist. A twisted stomach clamps the blood supply and is very dangerous for the dog. He should eat calmly and be left alone after the meal.

Like any other dog, the Leonberger is happy about small rewards in the form of treats. They can be beneficial for the education of the animal. Give them to your dog from time to time but in moderation.

Leonberger care

The acquisition as well as the attitude of the imposing animals require the necessary small change and a lot of time. Enough exercise is an absolute must. The Leonberger is very people-oriented and affectionate. It will make him happy if he lives with active people. He will also love to be an integral part of family activities.

A distinctive feature of the Leonberger is its long, dense coat. This beautiful feature of the breed is very costly to maintain. Before buying, you should know that this dog breed is very hairy. The long coat needs regular brushing to get rid of the loose hairs. During the coat change, the grooming is especially intense. You should brush your dog daily during this time. If the dog learns to sit still as a puppy, you will both have an easier time with this procedure.

The coat of a dog is its natural protective layer against dirt and moisture. When you are out in nature, there are inevitably things that get stuck in your Leonberger's long coat. If the animal is very dirty, you can shower your dog with gentle dog shampoo in the shower or bathtub. Afterwards, make sure that it can be left to dry in the warm. In summer it can find a sunny place, in winter you can leave it next to the heater.

You can simply brush out small pieces of dirt. Too frequent bathing damages the balance of the dog's skin and coat. Make sure, especially in summer, to thoroughly check the animal's coat for ticks and vermin after walks through woods and meadows.

If you follow these care tips and pay attention to good food, the coat of your Leonberger will shine beautifully and look well-groomed. Teach your dog the commands for grooming early. He will get used to it with time. This will keep the time required within limits.

Suitable accessories

For the intensive coat care of your Leonberger you need a suitable coat brush. This dog breed has dense and long coat with undercoat. You should use a sturdy brush for dogs with long hair. Teach your dog to stay as still as possible while brushing. Make sure that the grooming does not pull him too much.
 
Leonberger are intelligent and eager to learn dogs. They enjoy playing games. This not only satisfies their urge to move, but also challenges them mentally. When doing dog sports, you should make sure that your dog's joints are not overly stressed.
 
Leonbergers have a passion for the "cool water". Swimming training and retrieving exercises in the water are suitable for this. With water-suitable play accessories you do your dog a big favor. Toys that train his perception and memory are also suitable.
Leonberg history

Origin & History

The lion-like dog originates from the southern German town of Leonberg, whose coat of arms is adorned with a lion. In the 19. In the nineteenth century, the city councilor Heinrich Essig crossed a Newfoundland bitch with a St. Bernard dog. His goal was a dog breed that was as similar as possible to the Leonberg heraldic animal. In addition, a Pyrenean mountain dog was crossed in. Thus, in 1846, the first Leonberger was born.
 
The strong dogs with lion's mane were soon very popular and were gladly kept by noblemen. Empress Sissi of Austria is said to have owned seven Leonbergers. Two of her beloved "Leos" adorn a monument to the empress in Vienna's Stadtpark.
 
The city of Leonberg has set its own monument to the Leonberger dog in 2006. Since then, on the square in front of the town hall stands the life-size bronze statue of the famous dog.
 
Because of their strength, the dogs were also used in the past to pull heavy loads. Farmers kept Leonbergers to protect their livestock from predators. The brave and strong dogs put man and beast to flight with loud barking and self-confident appearance.
 
The two world wars almost caused the Leonberger to become extinct. On the initiative of dedicated breeders, the breed was saved from extinction. Today, breeders are working to preserve the breed while ensuring a healthy gene pool.

More breeds to discover