The Patterdale Terrier, also called Fur Terrier or Black Terrier, is a small hunting dog, which was bred especially for the hunting of foxes and badgers due to its compact size. In America, this breed is now also very popular as a companion dog.
The Patterdale Terrier is a British dog breed, but it is not recognized by the FCI or the KC. However, since 1995 it has been recognized by the UKC.
Since the Patterdale Terrier was designed more for serviceability than for appearance, its appearance is very diverse. However, to 95% they are black.
The terriers are also available in chocolate, gray, red and black-tan. Occasionally they have white feet or a white chest. A typical terrier characteristic are the protruding, triangular hanging ears. Their hair is short and straight to spiky.
Depending on the breed, the Patterdale Terrier differs not only in appearance, but also in character. Nevertheless, they all have one thing in common: a lot of energy, the strong self-confidence and the pronounced hunting instinct.
If he still seems calm and relaxed at home, he turns out to be a real bundle of energy outdoors, which is why only an owner with sufficient dog experience would be recommended. They need consistent education and are not beginner dogs.
In general he is a very loving family dog. He gets along very well with children and can play with them for hours due to his high energy level. The only important thing is that the small, active terrier gets his daily exercise, so that his hot temper can cool down a bit.
A Patterdale Terrier needs a lot of exercise and activity when you are not leading him hunting. Offers like discdogging, dogdancing, obedience, agility or tracking would be a good alternative for the little bundle of energy. For protection or tournament dog sports, the small four-legged friends are also ideally suited.
Pets, especially rodents or cats, should not live in the household due to his strong hunting instinct.
It is also advisable to keep him on a leash during walks. As soon as he smells something, there is no turning back. With his thick skull, he then overhears whistles or calls quite resolutely.
For these reasons, the Patterdale Terrier needs an owner who has very good and long-lasting stamina. To be particularly strict would only make him stubborn. Sensitivity and consistency are the key here. He may be small, but he has the heart of a lion.
The right food
The Patterdale Terrier does not require a special or elaborate diet. Like all other dog breeds, he is predominantly a carnivore. Vegetables, cereals and also fruits you may give to the little four-legged friend. It contains important nutrients. What he likes and what he doesn't like, however, is another question. Every dog has its own individual taste.
It is also important that you feed him species-appropriate. Table scraps or fat makers in the food are not healthy for him. On the one hand, it leads to obesity, which can drastically shorten the dog's life.
On the other hand, dogs' stomachs are not designed for spices that are contained in table scraps, for example. Even if you mean well and he begs you with his sweet googly eyes - you're not doing him any good.
The ideal weight is usually when you can feel his ribs when stroking his chest, but they are not visible.
If the ribs are no longer palpable, then your four-legged friend is too fat and should be put on a diet and, if possible, get more exercise. In addition, it would then be advisable to check what exactly is contained in the food of your favorite. Maybe you have overlooked something.
Health & Care
Although the Patterdale Terrier has a short coat, it sheds a relatively large amount of hair. Therefore, daily brushing is recommended. Otherwise, the coat care is very unproblematic, because he has neither wrinkles, nor excessive undercoat.
Furthermore, you should make eye and ear care a regular ritual early on so that he is used to it and it doesn't become uncomfortable for you.
Intensive crawling, touching and cleaning strengthens the bond. Free-roaming dogs also clean each other in the pack.
With the Patterdale Terrier the ear care is particularly important, because he has hanging ears. Parasites and ear infections occur here with pleasure once more often. Also pay attention to dirt, so that it does not get into the ear canal.
So it's best to take a quick look in your four-legged friend's ears once a day to prevent pain for your pet. Healthy ears are clean and well supplied with blood.
If he shakes his ears more often or rubs his head on the ground, this could be an indication that he is in pain or something is making him itch. In that case, a vet would be advisable.
Since the Patterdale Terrier is a very active contemporary and appreciates variety in play, lots of play opportunities would be ideal.
Due to his hunting instinct, he has great fun searching and retrieving things, for example. He also likes hide and seek games very much. Just everything where he can use his nose.
You could also entertain him with a ball slingshot. That way he could let off plenty of steam and you wouldn't be too out of breath yourself.
Riding a bike with a suitable harness would also be an option to really exercise him. At the same time, be careful not to rush him. If he wants to sniff around or slows down, you should adapt to his pace.
As for all other small dog breeds, a harness is better for the Patterdale Terrier than a traditional collar because it avoids too much pull on the thin neck.
Origin & History
Too much is not known about the Patterdale Terrier. His country of origin is England, more precisely northern England. There is a place of the same name called Patterdale in Cumberland. Around the year 1800 the Patterdale Terrier appeared for the first time.
There they were bred at that time for the construction hunting of foxes, rats and badgers, in order to
to track down and hunt down.
It was not until 1978 that the first small terriers found favor in America, where they are still in great demand and enjoy a greater degree of popularity.
In other countries, this dog breed is not yet popular or widespread, even rather rare and relatively unknown.
Until today the Patterdale Terrier has not been recognized by the FCI.