Charming, Courageous, Loving
Size: Small
Height: 25-30 cm
Weight: 6-10 kg
Lifespan: 12-15 years
Coat: Shorthair
Colors: Beige, Black (Silver, Apricot, Brindle)
FCI Group: Companion and Toy Dogs

The pug has a long history as our companion. From the Chinese emperor to one of the most popular small dog breeds for the modern household. His affectionate nature makes him very suitable for any type. However, he needs a lot of attention. Because "Pugs live to love and be loved in return".

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The Pug is an English dog breed recognized by the FCI (FCI Group 9, Section 11, Standard No. 253) with origin in China. Its recognized colors are beige and black. However, you can also find him in other color variants such as silver, apricot or brindle (brindle).

It weighs between 6 and 10 kilograms and its height at withers is between 25 and 30 cm. The values differ depending on whether you have a male or female. Its life expectancy is between 12 to 15 years usually.

Its square shape, bulging eyes, wrinkled face and muscular stature are characteristic. His nature is very sweet, playful and adaptable. With the right education from puppyhood, you can do a lot with the Pug. He is also very good at learning tricks thanks to his perceptiveness and intelligence.

It is very suitable for apartments and families with children because of its nature.

Breeding book keeping member clubs within the Verband für das Deutsche Hundewesen (VDH) are the Club für den Mops, Verband Deutscher Kleinhundezüchter and Deutscher Mopsclub. If you are interested in buying a pug puppy from a reputable breeder, you should expect a price of about 800-1000 euros. If you don't want a puppy, then a visit to the local animal shelter can be worthwhile.


Coat care:




Energy level:




Children suitable:

With supervision

The right food

The pug is a dog breed that tends to overweight quickly. This is precisely why a balanced diet and portioning of meals is so important. Enough exercise and activities also help the Pug strive for a healthy figure. For older Pug dogs, a diet food can pay off handsomely.

It is also prone to allergies due to its breeding. Therefore, the food should be a safe protein source such as chicken or rabbit. The best here would be a monoprotein food.

Since you have to watch out for allergies and possible overweight with the pug, it helps a lot if you choose barfing or wet food. A hypoallergenic and grain-free food can be the best choice here.

Health & Care

Due to its short and smooth coat, a pug is quite easy to care for. It requires less grooming than many other dog breeds. However, since the pug is slightly hairy throughout the year, it is also worthwhile to brush it regularly to get rid of loose hair.

Much more important with him is the care of his health. The pug is a brachycephalic breed. He has a roundish head and a short muzzle with slightly protruding eyes. Therefore, in breeds like his, in the context of brachycephalic syndrome, there are more often serious problems with breathing. Therefore, his muzzle needs special attention.

In recent years, the trend of backbreeding from the pug to the retro pug began. The retro pug is more athletic, healthier and characteristically has a longer muzzle and longer legs. Crossed here is the Parson Russell Terrier, the Pinscher, the Patterdale Terrier or the Beagle.

Suitable accessories

A pug is a very playful dog with moderate energy. Especially with treats you let him develop a lot of motivation for dog training. Thus, you can teach him nice tricks. As accessories for a pug are suitable accessories articles for small dogs.

A pug has a weak undercoat. Therefore, especially in winter months, you should get him a suitable winter coat. Also, when giving treats, switch to low-calorie varieties.

Pug history

Origin & History

Our beloved pug is believed to have originated in Imperial China. More than 2000 years ago, he sprang from other mastiff-like dogs. He was an imperial dog and it was the privilege of the emperor to own him. He was also later given only to the privileged noble class. 

It belongs to the smallest species of Molossians. (generic term for massive & muscular dogs). In the 16th century, his ancestors came to the Netherlands to the royal family. From the beginning of 1918, the Pug became steadily more popular as a companion and fashion dog. In England, the Pug was so popular that it was widely used as a breed. Unfortunately, from there on, the Pug was bred flatter and flatter at the muzzle, which led to health problems. In 2010, the FCI reacted and revised the standard for the Pug to a longer muzzle. This should in the future again more close to the original image of the pug.

Not least by Loriot everyone knows the sentence "A life without a pug is possible, but pointless".