The Rottweiler is a German dog breed officially recognized by the FCI. The Rottweiler is a very popular dog, which is characterized by its strong stature and friendly nature.
Rottweiler belong to the group of Pinscher and Schnauzer. The FCI also describes them as herding utility dogs. Males reach a height of 61 - 68 cm and reach a weight of about 50 kg. Bitches measure between 56 and 63 cm and usually weigh around 42 kg.
Rottweilers have a short coat and dark brown coloring. They have light brown areas on the lips, eyebrows, root of the tail, muzzle, and chest and legs. This lighter coloring is also called brand. The physique is strong as well as stocky and they have a strong bite. Rottweilers can therefore be used very well as guard dogs. Their nature is friendly, child-loving, peaceful and very affectionate.
In addition, they are obedient, eager to work, and lead. Therefore, they are also excellent as family dogs. In addition, their behavior can be described as self-confident, fearless and nerves of steel. His environment observes the Rottweiler with a high degree of attention.
Due to these characteristics, the Rottweiler is also perfect as a service dog for the police or military. He also reliably assumes the function of a guard dog. Sometimes the breed suffers from diseases such as hip dysplasia or elbow dysplasia. Here behind hide malformations of the joints.
Therefore, an X-ray examination is mandatory for clarification before breeding. Leukoencephalomyelopathy can also develop from this, resulting in paralysis, which is not curable. An increase in heart disease has also been diagnosed in this breed.
Furthermore, it has been investigated that the propensity to bite is increased in Rottweilers. Therefore, the Rottweiler is listed in some states. Therefore, the keeping is subject to certain regulations and restrictions. A temperament test may be required.
The right food
The Rottweiler must be given a diet appropriate to the species. This does not include sweets or treats from the table. Rottweilers tend to put on fat and become overweight. Therefore, strict food control is essential. The excess weight would put additional stress on the already vulnerable joints.
You should therefore feed your Rottweiler a diet low in fat and carbohydrates. High-quality protein is a particularly important component. You should avoid foods such as corn, soy or animal by-products. He should also not have independent access to food. Since he will eat uncontrollably. Whether wet or dry food is better is controversial.
However, the advantages of dry food are low cost, longer shelf life, as well as higher energy intake. It also guarantees support for cleaning teeth with hard ingredients. You can portion it easier and serve smaller portions.
But the dry food is not as flavorful as wet food. This results in an increased need for fluids. In addition, preservatives are often contained and the feeling of satiety occurs later due to the swelling effect. Also the fecal secretion increases, since many nutrient-poor fillers can be contained.
Wet food, besides the taste and higher water content, is especially good for older dogs with a weak bite. The daily amount should be about 200g per day for a puppy. An adult animal needs about 400g of food per day. That the chosen food is the right one, can be seen especially in the shiny coat, healthy teeth as well as the activity of the animal.
In any case, the Rottweiler needs a noticeable physical workout. He needs a consistent education and a strict hand. You should offer him tasks like nose work.
Proper husbandry and care also includes coat care. Since the Rottweiler has a very short coat, it is also enough to brush him regularly. This combs out dead hairs and removes dirt from the coat. Special nap gloves also reliably remove dirt. A side effect of brushing is the stimulation of blood circulation. You should also regularly check the coat for ticks. You can remove them during a massage if necessary.
You should also check the paws regularly. There may be small wounds or stones that can lead to inflammation. In winter, you can also protect the paws with a grease pencil made of deer tallow or milking grease. Normally the claws wear themselves out. If this is not the case, you have to trim them with a claw trimmer.
Also, you should regularly clean the nose with a damp cloth, as well as the eyes. You can also clean the ears with a warm and damp cloth. To prevent tartar, you should brush your dog's teeth. Chew bones also help to prevent or remove tartar. From time to time, you should also give your Rottweiler a bath with a special dog shampoo to clean the genital regions.
Other useful utensils for dog care are tick nippers, tweezers, a flea comb and iodine tincture. Spot-on is a special product that you can use against fleas and ticks. You should also always have bandages and baby wipes handy.
In addition to the aforementioned care utensils, you need other important things for the attitude. Firstly, this is a dog collar, which is preferably made of leather and is nice and wide and stable.
A strong leash made of leather or a strong belt should also be part of the equipment. It would be possible to add a flea collar to protect your pet from flea infestation. If you like, you can also get a retractable leash. Please always pay attention to the specified weight to ensure stability.
At home, it's nice if your dog has its own basket. A food bowl and a bowl for water are also mandatory. In order to keep your Rottweiler busy, you should also take care of toys like a ball. Dog treats are also part of the equipment.
To transport your dog in the trunk, you need a special device for the trunk. The best thing here is a grid and a seat belt. Combs and brushes should not be missing in any dog household.
There are different legislations of the countries. Therefore, you should find out whether your dog has a muzzle must wear. As an alternative to a dog collar, you can also get a harness. To emphasize your commands, it is advisable to use a dog whistle to use.
Origin & History
It is believed that the Rottweiler was used as a shepherd dog in the Roman Empire. He then made his way across the Alps to Baden-Württemberg and thus to Rottweil.
Intelligence, vitality, perseverance and a special drive property were the breeding characteristics. Therefore, the Rottweiler was later used among cattle dealers and butchers.
Its distribution could be documented mainly in Baden-Württemberg around the city of Rottweil. By the way, this is how he got his name later. From this time arose the supraregional spread and popularity of the breed. Since Rottweil was an important cattle trading center in the Middle Ages.
Rottweiler's main task was to accompany cattle and sheep. This earned them the name butcher dog. The Rottweiler also had the task of protecting the belongings of the butcher. He hung these around the animal's neck with a special leather collar. Through his fearlessness and protective instinct, he defended the goods. In addition, he radiated power and strength through his stature alone. However, he was always loyal to his owner.
However, over time, these skills became less and less important. Industrialization developed and transports of livestock were made by other means. Thus, from the 20th century, the Rottweiler was increasingly used in the service of the police and the military.