Russian Black Terrier
The Russian Black Terrier is a dog breed recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) since 1981 under FCI Standard No. 327.
The Russian Black Terrier is considered a working dog. He reaches a height of up to 80 centimeters. Males grow much taller and stronger than females. Thus, the two sexes can be easily distinguished from each other. The coat is black, but may be streaked with gray spiky hair. The hard, wavy and dense rough coat grows up to 15 centimeters long untrimmed.
Russian Black Terriers have a mustache, which visually resembles a brush. The lower jaw also has a beard, eyebrows rough and shaggy.
In his nature, the terrier is considered balanced. However, he can react lightning fast and sometimes aggressively in defensive situations. In addition, he is rather suspicious of strangers. With acquaintances, however, he behaves cuddly and friendly minded. That is why terriers are considered popular family dogs nowadays.
They have a comparatively long life span and can live up to 14 years.
The right food
Due to being bred to be a hardy dog, terriers are usually very healthy. Since it is a large dog, you should have it checked for hip and elbow dysplasia. The breed is prone to neurological disorders, heart disease, and eye disease.
Nutritionally, you can follow the dietary rules that generally apply to large dogs. Larger breeds sometimes tend to be overweight and have digestive problems and a twisted stomach. Therefore, buy special food. This ensures that the larger musculoskeletal system is supplied with sufficient energy.
Health & Care
Since the terrier was bred as a working dog, he also has a strong sense of work. Therefore, it is important that you always keep him busy.
You should train Russian Black Terriers at an early age. They respond excellently to strict instructions. For this reason, the breed usually does very well in obedience dog sports. The Russian Black Terrier is also successful in agility and guard dog competitions.
Give the dog enough opportunity to exercise. Otherwise, he may become hyperactive and will destroy objects around him.
You should brush your terrier's coat two or three times a week to prevent matting. You also need to trim hairs that grow towards the eyes to prevent inflammation. The same applies to hair on the ears.
At intervals of one to two months you should trim his coat. Grooming serves the dog's well-being. It also strengthens your bond. Furthermore, pay attention to the length of his claws and trim them if necessary.
Russian Black Terrier is a strong dog. That is why the purchase of a harness is worthwhile. The pull of the leash is thus distributed over his entire body. In this way, a harness strains the dog's body less than a collar.
Origin & History
In the 1940s, the army kennel Red Star began breeding their own breed of dog. They were striving for a large, almost massive and robust, temperamental dog. This should be able to cope with the contrasting climatic conditions of the Soviet Union.
They based their work on the findings of Soviet cynologists and created four breeding lines.
These were composed of several pairings:
a giant schnauzer male with a female airedale terrier
a male Rottweiler with a female Giant Schnauzer
again a Giant Schnauzer male with an Airedale Terrier female.
A total of 20 breeds were used to breed the dog.
The result is a terrier, which can vary visually very much in each case. However, his temperament remains largely constant from dog to dog. The breed is willing to work. Thus, he was excellently suited to guard borders. He can also protect certain objects.