The Tornjak originates from today's Croatia and Bosnia Herzegovina. He is mainly used as a shepherd dog, guard dog and companion dog. He is characterized by his loyalty, but especially by his appearance.
The Tornjak belongs to the FCI group 2. His FCI standard number is 355. He is a big and strong dog, his body is well proportioned and he is agile.
It fits very well in a Family life with house and yard or garden. He likes to protect the property. Also he fits very well to a Farmwhere he will gladly take the herd into his protection. He needs a large territory and is here very agile.
Typical for a guard dog is its pronounced protective instinct towards his fellow men. Therefore, the owner should be familiar with Mollosers.
A full-grown male has a height at the withers of 70 cm and weighs about 50 kg. Bitches are slightly smaller and lighter.
The ears are pendulous but not very long. His coat is long, wavy and weatherproof. He has a thick undercoat. Thus, it is well equipped for outdoor use in inclement weather, even in winter.
Even though the Tornjak is generally not considered aggressive, it can occasionally become suspicious of strangers or even other dogs and animals. This distrust can turn into aggressiveness if the owner does not have a confident demeanor. Therefore, a consistent education is very important.
This breed is self-confident and would know how to defend itself or even others in an emergency. It is good to train and willing to carry out the orders of its owner.
The right food
As with other dogs, the Tornjak should be treated with High quality feed be fed. This may be ready-made food or self-prepared barf food.
When you barf, you should definitely pay attention to balanced and varied ingredients, so that your dog can also take all the vital substances for his health.
Regardless of whether ready-made food or barf, the food should be adapted to age, activity level, special allergies or intolerances.
Some tornjaks tend to be overweight. Therefore, you should definitely pay attention to the calorie intake. You should also weigh him regularly.
Treats can be an important support during training. These should be included in the daily feed requirement in terms of calories.
Clean, fresh drinking water should be available at all times.
Grooming not only takes care of a dog's health well-being, it also builds a deep bond between him and his owner.
Although the Tornjak has a rather dense and wavy coat and a thick undercoat, he is not high-maintenance. It is quite enough if you thoroughly brushed out weekly. A occasional bath with a suitable dog shampoo is possible if he is too dirty.
The Shears you should avoid at all costs. It would change the structure of the coat and the undercoat, which is not recommended. The undercoat protects the dog from cold and wetness in winter. In summer, it protects him from sunlight and heat.
The strong, fast growing claws of the tornjak should be trimmed or sharpened regularly, to avoid overgrowth, tearing or the like. Also, too long nails can negatively affect the posture of a dog, which over time can lead to health damage in the skeletal structure.
The ears you should also regularly check and clean for dirt, parasites or other harmful deposits. For this purpose, you can use a suitable ear cleaner for dogs.
The teeth should be cleaned. You can also give him occasional chews that reduce the formation of plaque.
It is best if you start grooming, the necessary checks and brushing when your dog is still a puppy. This way your dog will get used to it faster and it will be a pleasant experience for him.
As with other dogs are Food and water bowl necessary.
Additional still come leash, collar respectively Tableware to this. When choosing a leash, please keep in mind that your dog is particularly large and strong. The leash must be tear-resistant, but also soft enough. Because if your Tornjak should suddenly go through, it can tear or cause abrasions on your hand.
For the transport in the car you need a secure Transport box. It should be equipped so that the dog is protected in an emergency situation. Keep in mind that when transporting dogs by means of transport, they are considered by law as cargo and therefore must be transported in a transport box with appropriate safety belts.
Your Tornjak also needs a retreat, which serves as a reclining and sleeping surface. Here would be a Dog bed recommended in its size. Best washable and stain resistant Should he be outside, such as in the yard, is a Dog kennel suitable. One ceiling or a Cushion can be used as a substrate.
Brush and Comb for regular coat care should not be missing from the accessories. Also Toothpaste and a Toothbrush. A Tick Pliers, claw scissors should also be there.
The Toys should not be too small, because there may be a risk that he swallows them. Also should be considered that this dog is very strong. Therefore, they should be sturdy enough. For the Outdoor games are Frisbees or Balls suitable. Also the tornjak is happy about it Detect hidden objects. He is always ready to learn new tricks.
Origin & History
The Tornjak breed is the descendants of indigenous, genetically homogeneous shepherd dogs of the old type, which were almost on the verge of extinction. They were distributed in the mountainous areas and valleys of Bosnia, Herzegovina and Croatia.
This breed was first mentioned in written documents in 1067 and 1374.
Beginning of the 1970s years began both in Bosnia, Croatia and Herzegovina the systematic rescue of this breed from extinction an. Purebred breeding began in 1978.
Today the breed consists of numerous purebred dogs. Since May 2012 leads the AKC the breed in its "Foundation Stock Service" with a view to possible recognition.