Hundeo: Dog Training

The 10 rarest dog breeds in the world

Since man has domesticated the dog, it is always bred on, adapted to new ways of life and evolved with us. Actually a quite natural process. Unfortunately, this ensures that older breeds die out or at least become much rarer. Here you can find a very interesting overview of the ten rarest dog breeds in the world.

Table of Contents

Bergamasco Shepherd Dog

Bergamo shepherd dog 1

The Bergamasker's duties are to protect and watch over sheep. Its thick, shaggy coat is ideal for keeping watch and looking after livestock even on cold nights. Since the end of the Second World War, he is hardly used.
The Bergamasker is medium sized, loyal, brave and alert. In addition, he hardly sheds, which should make him particularly attractive for allergy sufferers.
He is intelligent, robust, enduring and balanced. He loves and seeks closeness to people and is the perfect family dog. It is a pity that there was only one litter of the Bergamasker in 2019, which shows how endangered this breed is.

Old German Shepherd Dog

German shepherd 2

The Old German Shepherd is also known as the "Westwälder Kuhhund". He is robust, red to brown, with tightly curled hair and tipped or pricked ears. A hardy little fellow, he does not shy away from even bulls and mother cows. Aimless, he nips at his heels to round up even large cattle. No other native breed handles cattle of this size so well.
Unfortunately, it is hardly used anymore and that is why it is on the list of endangered dog species.

German Pinscher

German Pinscher lies

The German Pinscher is medium-sized, black and reddish-brown, short-haired and easy to care for. He is an agile animal, intelligent and has a high life expectancy, as he is not particularly susceptible to disease. In the past, he was used as a stable dog or as a farm dog to watch over the stud and farm. He is not a barker, but still strikes when he perceives a threat. He also likes to chase mice and rats. Meanwhile, he is more of a family dog and is kept at home.
The German Pinscher needs consistency and love, so it is not suitable for every household and therefore not so common anymore.

Austrian Pinscher

Austrian Pinscher

While we are on the subject of the Pinscher, one must not forget the Austrian Pinscher. He is also medium in size, but otherwise visually very different from the German relative. He has longer fur and a completely different build. He is also medium in size, but stocky.
His nature is attentive, playful and affectionate. His hunting instinct is only weakly developed, which makes him an excellent family dog. With strangers he strikes. He watches over his family and his property.
The dog breed is still quite new compared to the others listed, but still rare.

Medium Spitz

Finnish Spitz

The Medium Pomeranian is a medium sized, black, white, brown, orange, gray cloudy or new colored fluffy fur ball. It has countless color variations. As varied as the colors, the Mittelspitz also comes along. He is lively, eager to bark, patient with children and sensitive to the weather. At that time he was often found on hearing, because he immediately sniffed out and announced dangers.
Today he prefers to romp with the human offspring in the garden.
The Spitz is probably the oldest German dog breed. Nevertheless, he is now threatened with extinction.

Giant Spitz

The Giant Spitz differs from the Medium Spitz primarily in size, of course. The height at the withers has 12 cm difference.
In addition, it is not quite as colorful. It comes in black and white.
The white Giant Spitz was at home in the fine circles of northern Germany, the black one on vineyards in southern Germany.
The number of the tip is so small that it is considered to cross different species to somehow ensure its preservation.

Standard Schnauzer

Medium schnauzer in water

Hardly any dog is as unmistakable as the Medium Schnauzer. The medium-sized, rough, robust Schnauzer already bears his trademark in his face.
Originally, the high-maintenance dog was intended for farm and stable in southern Germany, but is no longer needed so often. Abroad, he is more common than with us.
The Middle Schnauzer is an all-rounder. He can do family, but can also do sports, hiking, stable, yard, riding and rescue companionship. None of his original characteristics have been lost, which makes him extremely valuable.

Germanic bear dog

The Germanic Bear Dog is a cuddly beast. He is big, fluffy and was created by crossing St. Bernard and shepherd dog. Which shepherd dog it was is not known today. He definitely has the character traits of a typical shepherd dog and the balance of a St. Bernard and is ideal for families with property.
He is loyal, attentive, despite the size he can become lively and playful if you give him enough love and attention.
A loving and special breed of dog. However, he is not recognized by the FCI, because the parentage is not clear.

Bouvier des Ardennes

Bouvier Des Ardennes black

The Bouvier des Ardennes is hardy, medium sized and strong. This must also be the disheveled, beige pointed ear with the rough coat, because he looks after and protects flocks of sheep in the Ardennes all year round.
The Ardennes is actually local and hardly goes beyond its Ardennes.
Mainly he is a work animal; he guards livestock, house and yard and is used for wild boar hunting. He is agile, courageous and not quite easy to handle, which is why he definitely needs an owner with dog experience.



The otter dog can be traced back to the 11th century.
The breed is large, has long, curly fur and black light brown pattern. The hair is dense, impermeable and protects the otter dog from the cold water, for which he was bred. In fact, originally he was taken to hunt otters.
Although at first it looks bulky and clumsy, the breed is agile and nimble.
He is stubborn and a true thoroughbred hunting dog. The character is strong and pronounced and needs a consistent leadership. Even after good training he is still very independent and likes to assert his own head.
There are estimated to be about 350 of these specimens left, since otter hunting has been banned.


As you can see, there are quite a few breeds that are very old or even quite new and already threatened with extinction. Most rare and even endangered dog breeds are among the workers among their kind. And since people live more and more rarely on farms, go hunting or keep livestock, the animals bred specifically for this purpose are dying out.

All the other excellent qualities that make them the perfect family dog, unfortunately, can hardly keep up.
A lot has to be done to preserve them....

Written by Claudia Weise
Written by Claudia Weise

I am an editor at hundeo and when it comes to dogs, my heart beats faster. My goal is to publish the best dog guides on the web. There is a lot of passion in every article and I am happy about every feedback to constantly improve our content.

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