Ca de Bou (Majorca Mastiff)


Cheerful, Lovable, Loyal
Size: Medium
Height: 52-58 cm
Weight: 30-38 kg
Lifespan: 10-12 years
Coat: Shorthair
Colors: Brindle, dun with black mask, cream, brown
FCI Group: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs

The Ca de Bou is a very old Spanish dog breed. It is also known under the name "Majorca Mastiff". The breed is recognized by the FCI and is assigned to Group 2 (mastiff-type dogs). Despite its rather gloomy history, the Ca de Bou is a cheerful and lovable dog. They are generally considered to be loyal protectors. However, they can also be excellent family dogs.

Ca de Bou (Majorca Mastiff)
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The Ca de Bou belongs to the medium to large dog breeds. Adult males reach a shoulder height of approx. 55 to 58 cm. Accordingly, the males weigh around 35 to 38 kg. Bitches are on average somewhat smaller and lighter than their male counterparts. Their height is usually between 52 and 55 cm. The weight of bitches is usually between 30 and 34 kg.

Overall, the Ca de Bou has a strong, muscular and harmonious build. The dogs have a broad chest, a strikingly strong neck and a distinctive head. Both the front legs and the hind legs appear strong and robust. The dogs also have a long tail. The head of the Ca de Bou is equipped with large floppy ears. Overall, it is typical of a variant of the Bull Terrier and is surrounded by striking wrinkles. The overall appearance of the Ca de Bou exudes courage and determination and can be somewhat intimidating.

The coat of the Ca de Bou is very short and smooth. Various shades of coat color are possible. The breed standard describes the coat of this breed with the colors light brown to golden brown, black and brindle. Some dogs also have white markings. These are often found on the chest, forehead or lower legs. These markings are also permitted according to the standard.

The nature of the Ca de Bou is basically very amiable and friendly. The dogs are considered to be very intelligent and should be encouraged. They also need plenty of exercise and movement. This is important so that the dogs don't get bored or underchallenged.

The Ca de Bou forms a very close and intense bond with its owner and is a loyal companion. It enjoys being stroked by its owner and seeks physical closeness. The Ca de Bou is therefore also considered to be extremely cuddly.

The loyalty of four-legged friends is probably their best-known characteristic. The dogs will do anything to protect their owners from potential danger. For this reason, the Ca de Bou is particularly suitable as a guard and watchdog. It tends to be suspicious of strangers and always keeps a close eye on its surroundings. The Ca de Bou is courageous, self-confident and has a high tolerance threshold. He is not easily disturbed or provoked by other dogs. However, he does not shy away from confrontation when necessary.

Its many positive characteristics make it an ideal family dog.

Coat care:




Energy level:




Children suitable:

With supervision

The right food

The Ca de Bou's diet is relatively unproblematic. Like most large dog breeds, the Ca de Bou tends to eat a lot. Care should therefore be taken to ensure that the four-legged friend does not become overweight. The dog should also be given a short rest after eating to prevent stomach torsion.

A healthy, balanced diet with high-quality ingredients is the basis for a healthy life. The daily amount of food should be based on the dog's size, weight, age and need for exercise.

The Ca de Bou is generally considered to be a robust and vital dog breed. There are no known typical breed diseases or allergies. Only hip joint diseases, which are common in large breeds, can occur more frequently. The average life expectancy of a healthy four-legged friend is around twelve years.

Health & Care

Grooming the coat of the Ca de Bou is undemanding. Regular brushing from time to time is completely sufficient.

However, the Ca de Bou has great needs when it comes to exercise and running around. The four-legged friends need long walks several times a day. These can also take place in the great outdoors. The intelligent dogs should also be encouraged. Teaching them tricks is a good way of doing this. Dog sports can also be a good way for the animals to work out.

The Ca de Bou is not a beginner's dog and should only be kept by experienced dog owners. It needs close contact with people and must be trained from puppyhood. Good socialization is very important to avoid complications with other dogs later on. Dogs can be trained well with consistency, clear instructions and loving strictness. However, it should be noted that aggression or harshness must never be used when dealing with this breed. This would severely undermine the relationship of trust between humans and animals.

Suitable accessories

Due to its size alone, the Ca de Bou makes certain demands on its living space. The breed is not suitable for keeping in small apartments. Instead, the animals need plenty of space and, ideally, their own garden. The Ca de Bou feels more at home in a rural environment than in the city. This should be taken into account.

Various dog toys can be purchased to keep your dog occupied in an appropriate manner. The four-legged friend also needs its own place to sleep in the house. This should be in a quiet but clearly laid out corner. This allows dogs to rest properly and recharge their batteries.

Ca De Bou origin picture

Origin & History

The history of the Ca de Bou is both gloomy and sad. In the past, the breed was mainly bred as an attack dog. The animals were trained to bite a bull and bring it down. This was usually done in front of numerous spectators. Increasingly, the breed was also involved in cruel dog fights. Due to this aggressive and dark history, the Ca de Bou still has to contend with slander and a bad reputation today.

After the ban on bull-baiting and dog fighting, the population of the breed declined sharply. Nevertheless, the Ca de Bou was later recognized as a dog breed by the FCI. Lovers of the breed came together and saved the Ca de Bou from extinction.

Even today, the Ca de Bou is still a rather rare dog breed. However, there are some serious breeders who are working to preserve the breed.