Jack Russell Terrier
Jack Russell Terrier bred for fox hunting has a recognition as a breed dog from FCI standard No. 345: Group 3. Its origin is in Great Britain. The breed underwent further development in Australia. The terrier, also affectionately called Jacky, is suitable as a companion dog. But also for families with children he becomes a dear playmate, if he receives a consistent education.
The Jack Russell Terrier can rough, smooth or spiky haired Fur have. The main color in the pedigree dog must be predominantly white. Spots prescribe brown, black or light red-brown in coloration. The height at the withers is 25 to 30 cm. The weight is from 5 to 6 kg. It is prescribed at the ideal weight 1 kg per 5 cm of height.
The body of the terrier is slightly longer in relation to the height and appears rectangular. The Jack Russell Terrier's mobile hanging ears have good texture. The strong loins are muscular. His chest, which is deeper than wide, has a circumference of about 40 to 43 cm.
The head becomes narrower from the top towards the eyes. The skull is flat and little wide. Typical for the breed dog shows the black nose sponge. Characteristic is the white blaze on one side of the bridge of the nose. It often extends asymmetrically from the nose to the eyes and ends at the forehead.
His lips are tight and show a black pigmentation. Although the terrier is one of the small dogs, it has a strong jaw with strong teeth. The almond-shaped eyelid rims should also show black pigmentation. The eyelids are tight.
The tail hangs when at rest and stands erect when in motion. His round paws with hard pads stand neither in nor out. The Jack Russell Terrier has paws with somewhat arched toes. He runs springy and straight.
The nimble Jack Russell Terrier is characterized by a good character. As a powerful little workhorse it is still used today as Companion dog for hunters or riders appreciated. The intelligent Jacky is a real sunshine. He conquers hearts through his adorable and friendly Being and also likes to cuddle.
He is considered a lively and funny Journeyman. Its Joy of movement is known among dog connoisseurs. His battery is always running at full speed. He loves to dig and dig in the garden. The Jacky is a powerhouse.
The docile terrier loves children, if they show the necessary respect. He especially likes walks or swimming. He needs an active owner who likes to move himself and spend a lot of time with him.
The Jacky is most capable of learning when he is young and has not yet received the wrong training. However, an experienced dog owner can still re-train an adult Jack Russell well. If the terrier loves its owner, it will quickly obey. Education should be started from the first day of moving in with Jacky.
The right food
Like all dogs, the terrier is a carnivore. Its ancestor is the wolf. But a Jack Russell Terrier also takes plant food. The diet of this bundle of energy is relatively simple. He likes any food. The diet of the small hunting dog should consist of meat, vegetables, cereals and, if possible, fruit.
However, it does happen that a spoiled Jack Russell Terrier can be pickier about food. You can give your Jacky both dry and wet food offer. If you have time, prepare Fresh food itself to.
A puppy needs a completely different diet plan than the adult Jack Russell Terrier until the completion of the first year of life. Puppies are separated from their mother after 10 weeks at the earliest. They need special puppy food and that four times a day.
If your puppy does not eat the bowl completely empty, you should throw away the rest after a quarter of an hour at the latest. From the 14th week, only three meals a day are sufficient. When your Jacky is six months old, you may still omit one meal and reduce it to two. Do not feed your Jack Russell Terrier too late in the evening.
From the age of one, you will be able to tell from your Jacky's eating habits whether he wants to keep feeding twice a day or whether one meal is enough. Then you may also reach for a food for adult dogs.
Jack Russell Terrier is relatively robust and tolerates almost everything. However, if he has allergies or other diseases, he needs a special diet. Your vet will explain this to you.
Jack Russell Terrier Care
The coat of the Jack Russell Terrier is short and easy to care for. It has little undercoat and does not need to be heavily trimmed. For a smooth-haired Jack Russell Terrier is enough a Rubber trimmer, in order to release the old fur.
For the rough-haired terrier you need a blunt trimming knife. You can also buy a pumice stone at the drugstore and use that. You can also trim the coat against the grain. Start at the back of your dog and work up to the tail. Then trim the legs and finally the head. Be careful on the inside of the hind legs and on the belly! Your Jacky is sensitive there. If you are afraid of doing something wrong, make an appointment with a groomer every six weeks.
The natural protection of the dog is its coat and the skin has a natural protective layer of fat, which must not be damaged. If your Jacky comes home dirty, dry him with an old towel first. The fur must dry and then you can brush it.
For daily care include the control of the eyes and from the Feces (two to three times daily) for parasite infestation, worms, texture.
For weekly care include the cleaning of the ears, control from Denture on plaque, control of the Paws for foreign bodies and inflammations.
Occasionally should be the claws be trimmed. Independent abrasion of the claws depends on what surface and how much the dog moves.
For the Jacky you need a comfortable collarthat fits well. Best proves a Tableware, not tight on the neck and behind the front legs to close. Jack Russell terriers are fast and pull. Especially for puppies education on the leash is important. From the beginning, your terrier must learn to walk to your left and beside you, not in front of you.
Jack Russell love cuddly basketsthat are not too open. One Dog cave for medium-sized dogs will please him. If you keep him outside, he should have a stable and warm kennel. Jacky freezes very quickly and should be indoors in the winter if possible. For the rain offer manufacturers Rain protection clothing for dogs. But if you rub him dry after the walk and he can be him warm house, it is not necessary.
Jack Russell Terriers love games of all kinds. The main thing is that they can move while doing so. They have endurance in running, the battery is rarely empty. The terrier is very social and likes to play with other dogs. He gets along with any other breed. Swimming or on the Dog playground walking is fun for him. With his hereditary disposition as a hunting dog, he will also enjoy fetching sticks or balls. He likes to play fetch.
Origin & History
The namesake and breeding sire of the Jack Russell Terrier is Reverend John Russell, who was called Jack. The British clergyman bred a type of fox terrier that could retrieve prey animals and foxes from their underground holes. He came from Darthmouth in the county of Devon. He had studied at Oxford and during this time he acquired the progenitor of the Jack Russell Terrier and the Parson Russell Terrier. Her name was Trump.
Russell also sought outside terriers with characteristics that he preferred. Through crosses of fox terriers bred by him, the reputation of the performance of these dogs rushed far ahead. That is why they were named after their breeder Jack Russell. He continued to attach importance to the working performance of his terriers. Only in the second instance color and other features were important to him, while the fox terrier at that time already became a fashion dog.
Much later, from the Jack Russell Terrier breeding, a second Russell Terrier was born. The Parson Russell Terrierwhich also owes its name to the Reverend (=Parson) Russell. Both breeds are recognized by the FCI.
Jack Russell, who was a founding member of the 1873 Kennel Club, died ten years later at the age of 87. He left us a wonderful legacy. The Jack Russell Terrier, popular all over the world today.
His successor Arthur Heinemann took over the Jack Russell kennel and additionally trained the animals for badger and otter hunting. After his death in 1930, his dogs were distributed to different breeders.
From about 1820, this small terrier was also used in Australia for fox hunting. Today, Australia, as the patron of the Jack Russell Terrier, represents this breed at the FCI.
From the year 1850 the Jack Russell spread more and more in Australia. His importance in hunts especially fox hunting became more and more. He fit into every rabbit hole, the Australian foxes prefer. Due to the low body height he was the ideal dog.