The German Hound is one of the oldest hunting dog breeds. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) has assigned it to Group 6, Section 1.3 (small running dogs). It is not suitable for beginners as well as for people with little urge to move. Because it needs very much run and mental occupation. Optimal are long walks with concentrated tracking and tracking work.
The German Hound is a very robust dog breed. Hereditary diseases are not known so far and the life expectancy is nine to 15 years. It reaches a shoulder height of 40 to 53 centimeters and weighs 15 to 23 kilograms.
The German Hound is of medium size and strongly built. With its proud head carriage and high legs, it appears elegant. The narrow head is elongated and has a slightly arched top of the head. The browline is low and the bridge of the nose is almost straight. The ears are well fitting and rounded at the bottom. The bite is strong and the eyes are clear, bright and friendly. The tail, carried hanging, is bushy long and heavily furnished with hair.
The short and smooth coat of the German Hound is very dense and almost stocky. Even the belly is dense and well coated with hair. The color of the coat is usually tricolored and ranges from yellow to red, with a black coat or saddle. Typical Bracken markings are a white blaze throughout, a white chest, and a white throat ring. Legs and tail tip also show white markings.
The German Hound has a very high need for exercise and mental activity. Long walks as well as concentrated tracking and tracking work are therefore an absolute must for her. Short laps around the block are not enough for her, as she has a wild temperament that she wants to live out. If she feels underchallenged, there is a possibility that the German Hound will develop unpleasant idiosyncrasies.
As a hunting dog, the German Hound is persistent and can continue its work for hours. Their good sense of direction, excellent sense of smell, and iron will to track and scent are helpful. Genetically fixed is also a track and trail sound.
Although the German Hound is a hunting dog, it is extremely affectionate towards its owner. She is friendly, sensitive and firm in character. In the house she is calm and shows herself to be extremely patient even with children.
The right food
For the German Hound, as with other dog breeds, proper nutrition is of great importance. This depends on nine factors relevant to nutrition. These include age, weight and size. Activity, state of health and possible allergies also play a role in the right diet.
Often the German Hound is fed with fresh feed. However, it should be ensured that the fresh feed receives all the necessary nutrients, vitamins and minerals. To avoid deficiency symptoms, the composition should be balanced and varied.
Ready-made food contains, by and large, the necessary nutrients for a healthy diet. This applies to both dry and wet food. Since the ingredients of the ready-made food are balanced, no further additives are required.
A vegetarian diet can lead to deficiency symptoms in the German Hound. It also does not correspond to a species-appropriate diet.
The German Hound should be able to drink fresh water at any time. It does not matter whether she gets fresh or wet food. The drinking water should be renewed daily and put in a clean container.
Initially, puppies or kittens are fed four to five times a day. Later, the feeding is done two to three times a day. The amount of food depends on the size of the German Hound. It is increased with increasing age of the dog. It should be ensured that puppies are not "overfed". Otherwise, rapid growth and bone development problems may occur.
In general, when feeding, make sure that the German Hound is not oversaturated. She should also be accustomed to fixed feeding times. After feeding, it needs sufficient rest for digestion.
German Hound care
The German Hound is neither suitable for kennel keeping, nor for the pure city apartment. She feels most comfortable in a house with a garden, where she can let off steam between long walks.
For hunters, the German Hound is excellent as a tracking dog or companion for hunting. Through tracking and tracking work, it is challenged both mentally and physically. The German Hound should not be kept as a pure family dog. She could quickly feel underchallenged and not utilized.
The German Hound is easily trainable with patience and a loving consistency. Training methods with harshness and drill rather cause the opposite of what one would like to achieve. As a rule, the German Hound does not tend to dominate, but adapts to the specifications of its owner.
Regular grooming of the German Hound is not only for hygiene. At the same time, it also strengthens the social bond with its owner.
The coat of the German Hound is relatively easy to care for and is not time consuming. Regular brushing or combing of the coat is usually sufficient.
To avoid inflammation, the eyes should be cleaned regularly. If the German Hound does not do it himself, the eye secretion is removed in the corners of the eyes with a soft cloth.
At least once a week the ears of the German Hound should be checked. If they are very dirty, it is advisable to visit the vet. You should not try to clean the ears yourself with a cotton swab. There is a risk of damaging the external auditory canal of the German Hound. In addition, foreign bodies or dirt could get even deeper into the ear canal.
It is essential to pay attention to the length of the claws. If the German Hound travels a lot on a soft surface, the claws must be trimmed regularly. Because on a soft forest floor they can not wear out sufficiently.
The coat of the German Hound should be groomed regularly with a dog brush or comb. If the coat is extremely dirty, a bath with a replenishing soap is also possible.
The teeth of the German Hound clean themselves best with buffalo skin bones or firm dog biscuits.
If the claws of the German Hound become too long, they can be shortened with special claw pliers.
Origin & History
In general, Bracken are considered the ancestors of hunting dogs and are one of the oldest dog breeds.
Their history demonstrably goes back to the times before the birth of Christ. Already the Romans mentioned dogs that showed the same behavioral patterns when hunting as the Bracken. The Germanic tribes also kept Bracken, which they used for hunting. At that time, the Bracken spread from the Alpine regions to Scandinavia. Individual Bracken even reached overseas.
In 1848, the revolution led to a reduction in the size of the hunting grounds. As a result, the different breeds of Bracken almost became extinct. Because in the course of time they were more and more displaced from their territories by the pointing dogs.
The first German Hounds Club e. V. was founded in 1896 in Olpe, Sauerland. The German Hound Club combined the Northwest German Hound breeds that still existed at that time. The three-colored Sauerland Holzbracke was mixed with the local Steinbracke. Finally, in 1900, the standard type of German Hound was created.
The German Hound is often also called Olper Bracke, Westfälische Bracke or Sauerländer Bracke. The names correspond to their former main distribution area.
In 1934, the Reich Hunting Law banned bracking (especially for hares) in hunting grounds of less than 1,000 hectares. Since then, the German Hound has been a popular hunting companion. It is mainly used for tracking small game (hare, rabbit, fox). The original Bracken hunting can be done only rarely.