The Newfoundland is known for its extremely calm disposition. He is considered a perfect family dog, is considerate towards children and loves to be close to his mistress or master. Newfoundlands are perfect companions for people who spend a lot of time in nature and like to be active. In addition, they are good-natured, affectionate, intelligent and have a great fondness for the element of water.
Newfoundlands are recognized by the FCI and have been classified in Group 2, Section 2.2, Standard No. 50. The breed has its origin in Canada. They were discovered on the Canadian Atlantic island of Newfoundland. There they are listed under the English name "Newfoundland". They are available in the colors black, brown or white-black. Their water-repellent coat, with dense, soft undercoat, makes the dog breed appear massive.
The Newfoundland is considered to be well-balanced, calm and exceedingly friendly Dog breed. Due to the strong, muscular physique of the dogs, you are already considered for a long time as excellent Rescue and guard dogs. They need daily outdoor exercise, integrate well into family structures and are open-minded towards strangers.
Due to the body size, the dog breed requires a too Home with enough space and run. A separate plot with free access to a large garden is therefore appropriate. An apartment would not be a suitable place for keeping a Newfoundland.
In addition, you love the proximity to the water and can swim exceptionally well.
Newfoundlanders are suitable as Family dog and as a companion for sporty singles or single people. Due to their balanced nature, the dogs act on people as a true haven of peace. They love the closeness to their owners and are quite affectionate. In addition, they have a pronounced sense of guard and protection. Due to their talent of swimming, Newfoundlands are also used as water rescue dogs.
The dog breed is intelligent and has a quick thinkingwhen it comes to learning new things. Nevertheless, the strict obedience less well developed.
Despite the size, living together with other pets is easy. The dog quickly gets used to other animals and is very compatible. Due to its need for leaning, Newfoundlanders are suitable not to keep in a kennel, outside the family life. He wants to be integrated and feel the closeness to his master. Keeping in big cities, without access to nature, is less suitable. The animals love the life in the countryside and the proximity to forests, meadows, lakes and rivers.
The right food
Nutrient requirements differ greatly depending on the breed of dog. For this reason, you should take some time to learn about the right nutritional approach for your dog. The species-appropriate diet for Newfoundlands is based on the following nine factors. These include the Age, height, weight, exercise, the current state of health and possible allergies., which can occur in the course of a dog's life.
High quality dog food usually contains all the essential nutrients and is designed for the age and size of each dog breed. Newfoundland tends to Metabolic diseases and orthopedic hereditary diseases. These diseases can affect other body functions over the years. For this reason, the right diet is important from puppyhood.
There is special food that takes into account allergies and functional additives for joints. Finally, of course, the taste is also convincing. A high content of meat and plant nutrients is important. In addition, you should avoid additives or fattening agents in the food when buying it.
Treatswhich there are only to enough in German pet shops to buy, should be in principle in Maβen and are not part of your dog's daily diet. You should refrain from table scraps! Often our foods are too fatty and spicy for a dog's gastrointestinal tract.
Veterinarians advise dog owners at any time about the right diet and healthy food for your darling. Here you can also get a ration calculation for your dog! Also take a look at our comprehensive nutrition guide, which we have compiled for you and your four-legged friend.
Health & Care
The coat of Newfoundland requires special care. The dog breed lives with a lush water-repellent coat. In addition, there is the soft undercoat. For this reason, Newfoundland requires a elaborate coat care. If you neglect the care, the Newfoundland fur develops an unpleasant odor. In addition, the fur felts strongly. This looks unkempt and unsightly.
Brush and comb your dog's thick coat regularly. You should pay special attention to the ears, chest and elbow area. Here the coat of the dogs is very long. Ticks or residues of plants such as burrs often get caught on these parts of the body. Think also of the paws of your quadruped and remove dirt from the hind legs.
Despite the enthusiasm to the water, you should not bathe your dog too often. When a thorough cleaning becomes necessary, you should avoid the use of moisturizing bath additives pay attention. The breed-typical protective film of the skin is very sensitive in Newfoundlands and should not be destroyed. Veterinarians can recommend suitable products for your Newfoundland!
Since Newfoundlanders seek close contact with the family, you should give your dog a fixed place to sleep set up in your home. For the Coat care is a good selection of Combing and brushing advantage for his lush coat. Pet shops are happy to advise here. A wide range of Towels are welcome helpers after long walks in the rain.
Of course you should also think about the Matching car and Trunk size think as well as a good supply of food. The larger the dog - the greater the daily food requirements of the four-legged friend!
Origin & History
It was probably the Vikings who once anchored on the coast of Newfoundland and settled the large bear dogs on the island. Other stories say that the breed was once created by crossing European dogs and Newfoundland Micmac and Beothuk breeds. Whatever the case may be. The native people of Newfoundland quickly recognized the special ability of the dog breed.
In Canada, Newfoundlanders were early used as a Sled dogs used. They pulled heavy loads. Fishermen also observed the distinctive talent of the dogs to move quickly and safely in the water, pulling heavy loads. As a result, they also served as Work animals on ships.
Europeans discovered the dog breed in the 18th century. The English Captain Cartwright, during a stay on the English colonial island of Newfoundland, was enthusiastic about the massive, good-natured animals and named the dogs "Newfoundland Dogs".
In 1860, there was the first exhibition of a Newfoundland in Birmingham, England. It took another 26 years until the breed was recognized in Europe and the first breed club opened. By this time, word must have spread about the dogs' talent in Europe.
In Paris bathing establishments Newfoundlanders then became Water rescue dogs trained. They were trained to rescue lifeless people floating in the water. The big dogs learned quickly and were always alert. Even today, the dogs are members of the French Coast Guard and save lives.
Nowadays, whoever thinks of the well-known dog breed - must not infrequently think of an angel on four paws and smile. Just a real cuddly bear, which is very much appreciated and loved today for its protective and rescue instinct. He loves life in the home environment and is open to outings. An absolute highlight for Newfoundlanders are vacation days at the cool sea of the North Sea or Baltic Sea -. hot summer days, on the contrary, they love less!